MODERN CHILDREN AND BOOKS: IS LOVE POSSIBLE?
Parents all over the world are sounding the alarm: modern children read less and less, and often completely refuse to read. About who is to blame, and what to do about it – in our article today.
In the modern world, the most popular reason why children do not want or do not like to read is virtual space, in other words, affordable gadgets. These smart devices are so captivating for children that the moment when the child no longer wants to abandon the gadget in favor of the book is completely imperceptible. In addition to this reason, there are a number of others, because of which the child refuses to read. So, the top 3 reasons why children refuse to read:
The excessive availability of electronic gadgets with games, social networks and other entertainments robs the child of the need to develop imaginative and logical thinking. And it is quite natural that, having a smartphone in his hands, the child will make a choice in favor of a game, not a book, because at a preschool age the child is best absorbing new information in a playful way.
Tip: buy beautiful books for your child with quality paper, colorful illustrations and good design. Buy books that your child wants to open, if only because they look nice and you want to touch them and find out what’s inside.
It is completely logical to start instilling in your child a love of reading books with learning to speak, and then reading the simple words “Ma-ma”, “Ba-ba”, “So-va”. After that, parents learn the alphabet with their child, teach him to make simple sentences. Then parents turn reading into a compulsory element of leisure, while at the same time complicating the level of children’s literary works. As a result, it becomes difficult for the child, and no one has canceled the obligation to read, as a result of which the child simply disappears, and he no longer receives any pleasure from reading.
Tip: Turn your reading session into a pleasure, not a child’s duty. Have family readings of a fairy tale or novel. Read aloud to your child with expressive intonation. Gradually, it will be possible to give the child books for independent reading, but without quitting reading with the child together. Thus, reading will become an important part of your family activities and will turn from duty into pleasure.
Many parents do not pay much attention to whether the child learns something from a book, story or story they read. Usually this happens when parents ask their child to read how many pages (per day, week, etc.). And here one of two things usually happens: either the child is cunning and says that he read (as much as his parents told him to read), or he really reads, but he does it purely mechanically and, therefore, cannot then tell what he read about .
Tip: You should not put in front of a child a rigid framework for the amount of reading. Let the child read as much as he wants and what is interesting to him. You can offer your child several books or works of his age to choose from, share your impressions about them, and then discuss together, listen to the child’s opinion of what they read. Discussion of reading is a very important component of the love of reading. When discussing books, do it seriously and sincerely, sharing experiences, revealing your innermost thoughts and dreams to your child. Communicate with your child – because with the help of such communication you can avoid his complete immersion in the virtual world of computer games and social networks and the emergence of alienation between you.
What books to choose for a child?
First of all, you need to understand that in the early stages of a child’s development, it’s not the content of the book that attracts them, and not so much the plot of the work, but the big colorful pictures.
That is, if your child is 1.5-3 years old, then you should pay attention to cardboard books with fairy tales. Firstly, it’s convenient, as the child is constantly pulling something to try for a tooth, and cardboard simply will not let the book go bad ahead of time. Secondly, in such books illustrators pay special attention to pictures, because at this age the child’s imagination and thinking develops better and faster thanks to vivid and memorable images.
A little later in the preschool period, the role of texts in the development of the child gradually begins to increase. Beautiful design, high-quality hardcover, heavy paper, large print, high print quality – all this is designed to attract the attention of the child and interest, which is incredibly important in the age when tablets and other gadgets became super-affordable. At this age, it already makes sense to read to the child not only fairy tales that develop the imagination, but also read short stories. At this age, children still enjoy listening when their parents read to them. It is also proved that at this age children adore all kinds of works about other children.
Then, when the child goes to school, the role of pictures will gradually decline, the contents of the book will begin to come to the fore. In the early school period, it is best to read short stories or short stories with the child, because the child cannot yet hold attention to the plot of the work for a long time, and you risk losing the child’s desire to read. At this age, a great option can be the works of Victor Dragunsky, Vitaly Bianchi, Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak, Lewis Carroll. You can try reading with your child Harry Potter J. Rowling or the Chronicles of Narnia Clive Lewis. Despite the large volume, this book is a unique example of how adults and children of all ages are happy to immerse themselves in the atmosphere of a fairy tale.
In a later school and teenage period, it is time to introduce your child to more serious works. And here, unfortunately, with the greatest probability there are problems that we described above. It is very important even during this period to continue to set an example for the child. Read in the presence of the child, help (but do not insist!) Him in choosing a work, tell us which books you liked to read at this age and why, choose the book that is most likely to appeal to your child, and not to you personally. At this age, when switching to more serious literature, a child very often experiences the so-called “mechanical effect” from reading a book, since the complexity and volume of a literary work are already seriously increasing. Do not force the child to read in large volumes, it is more advisable to allow the child to read a good work (“20 thousand leagues under the sea”, “Captain Nemo”, “3 musketeers”, “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes”, etc.) at a comfortable pace, simultaneously discussing that the child learned new that he understood what the author of the book was talking about. Focus on mastering the work, and not on the volume and speed of reading.
Finally, in order to instill a love of reading for your child, there must always be books in your home. Books of different genres and for different ages, for children and adults. A home library, carefully and carefully assembled, is a guarantee that your child will love to read books and they will become his faithful friends for life.